Mark Twain's Curriculum Vitae

Genre(s): Novels; Humor/Satire; Short Stories; Plays; Essays; Letters
Award(s): Honorary M.A., 1888, Litt.D., 1901, both Yale University; LL.D., University of Missouri, 1902; named to American Academy of Arts and Letters, 1904; D.Litt., Oxford University, 1907.


  • (With Charles Dudley Warner) The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today, illustrated by Augustus Hoppin and others, American Publishing, 1873, Twain's portion published separately as The Adventures of Colonel Sellers, edited by Charles Nelder, Doubleday, 1965.
  • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, illustrated by True Williams, American Publishing (Hartford, CT), 1876.
  • The Prince and the Pauper, Chatto & Windus (London), 1881, Osg(Boston), 1882.
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Tom Sawyer's Comrade, illustrated by Edward Windsor Kemble, Chatto & Windus, 1884, Webster (New York Ci 1885.
  • A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, illustrated by Dan Beard, Webster, 1889, published as A Yankee at the Court of King Arthur, Chatto & Windus, 1889.
  • The American Claimant (adapted from the play by Twain and William Dean Howells; also see below), Webster, 1892.
  • Tom Sawyer Abroad, by Huck Finn, illustrated by Dan Beard, Webster, 1894.
  • Pudd'nhead Wilson: A Tale, Chatto & Windus, 1894, expanded as American Publishing, 1894.
  • (Under pseudonym Sieur Louis de Conte) Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc, illustrated by E. V. Du Mond, Harper (New York City), 1896.
  • Extract from Captain Stormfield's Visit to Heaven, Harper, 1909.
  • The Mysterious Stranger: A Romance, illustrated by N. C. Wyeth, edited by Albert Bigelow Paine and Frederick A. Duneka, Harper, 1916.
  • Simon Wheeler: Detective (unfinished novel), edited by Franklin R. Rogers, New York Public Library, 1963.

  • The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, and Other Sketches, edited by John Paul, C. H. Webb (New York City), 1867.
  • Screamers: A Gathering of Scraps of Humour, Delicious Bits, and Short Stories, J. C. Hotten, 1871.
  • Eye Openers: Good Things, Immensely Funny Sayings, and Stories, J. C. Hotten, c. 1871.
  • A Curious Dream, and Other Sketches, Routledge (London), 1872.
  • Mark Twain's Sketches, illustrated by R. T. Sperry, American News, 1874, expanded as Mark Twain's Sketches: New and Old, American Publishing, 1876.
  • Merry Tales, Webster, 1892.
  • The 1,000,000 Pound Bank-Note, and Other New Stories, Webster, 1893.
  • Tom Sawyer, Detective, as Told by Huck Finn, and Other Stories, Chatto & Windus, 1896.
  • The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg, and Other Stories and Essays, Harper, 1900, revised edition, Chatto & Windus, 1900.
  • A Double Barrelled Detective Story, illustrated by Lucius Hitchcock, Harper, 1902.
  • A Dog's Tale, illustrated by W. T. Smedley, Harper, 1904.
  • Extracts from Adam's Diary (also see below), illustrated by F. Strothmann, Harper, 1904.
  • Eve's Diary Translated from the Original Ms (also see below), illustrated by Lester Ralph, Harper, 1906.
  • The $30,000 Bequest, and Other Stories, Harper, 1906.
  • A Horse's Tale, illustrated by Lucius Hitchcock, Harper, 1907.
  • The Curious Republic of Gondour, and Other Whimsical Sketches, Boni & Liveright (New York City), 1919.
  • (With Bret Harte) Sketches of the Sixties, Howell, 1926.
  • Short Stories of Mark Twain, Funk & Wagnall, 1967.
  • The Diaries of Adam and Eve (contains excerpts from Adam's Diary and Eve's Diary), American Heritage, 1971.
  • Early Tales and Sketches, Volume 1: 1851-1864, edited by Edgar M. Branch and Robert H. Hirst, University of California Press, 1979.
  • A Story without an End, illustrated by Joe McDermott, Creative Education (Mankatom, MN), 1986.

  • Colonel Sellers (five-act), produced in New York City, 1874.
  • (With Bret Harte) Ah Sin, produced in Washington, DC, 1877.
  • The Quaker City Holy Land Excursion: An Unfinished Play, Buttonmaker Press (Omaha), 1986.
Also author, with G. S. Densomore, of The Gilded Age (adapted from the novel by Twain and Warner), 1873; author, with William Dean Howells, of The American Claimant; or, Mulberry Sellers Ten Years Later, 1887.

  • The Innocents Abroad; or, The New Pilgrims' Progress, illustrated by True Williams, American Publishing, 1869, published in two volumes as Innocents Abroad, and The New Pilgrims' Progress, Hotten (London), 1870.
  • The Innocents at Home (also see below), Routledge (London), 1872.
  • Roughing It, Routledge, 1872, revised edition (includes The Innocents at Home), American Publishing, 1872.
  • An Idle Excursion, Rose-Belford, 1878, revised as Punch, Brothers, Punch!, and Other Sketches, Slote, Woodman, 1878.
  • A Tramp Abroad, illustrated by Twain and others, American Publishing, 1880, excerpt published as Jim Baker's Bluejay Yarn (also see below).
  • Following the Equator: A Journey around the World, American Publishing, 1897, published as More Tramps Abroad, Chatto & Windus,7.
  • Europe and Elsewhere, edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1923.
  • Traveling with the Innocents Abroad: Mark Twain's Original Reports from Europe and the Holy Land, edited by Daniel Morley McKelthan, University of Oklahoma Press, 1958.
  • Jim Baker's Bluejay Yarn, illustrated by Fred Brenner, Orion Press, 1963.

  • How to Tell a Story, and Other Essays, Harper, 1897.
  • English as She Is Taught, Mutual Book Co., 1900.
  • King Leopold's Soliloquy: A Defense of His Congo Rule, P. R. Warren, 1905.
  • Editorial Wild Oats, Harper, 1905.
  • My Debut as a Literary Person, with Other Essays and Stories, American Publishing, 1906.
  • (Originally published anonymously) What Is Man?, De Vinne Press, 1906, revised as What Is Man?, and Other Essays, Harper, 1917.
  • Christian Science, with Notes Containing Corrections to Date, Harper, 1907.
  • Is Shakespeare Dead?, Harper, 1909.
  • In Defense of Harriet Shelley, and Other Essays, Harper, 1918.
  • Concerning the Jews, Harper, 1934.

  • Mark Twain's Letters (two volumes), edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1917.
  • Mark Twain, the Letter Writer, edited by Cyril Clemens, Meador, 1932.
  • Mark Twain's Letters to Will Bowen, edited by Theodore Hornberger, University of Texas Press, 1941.
  • The Love Letters of Mark Twain, edited by Dixon Wecter, Harper, 1949.
  • Mark Twain to Mrs. Fairbanks, edited by Dixon Wecter, Huntington Library, 1949.
  • Mark Twain to Uncle Remus, 1881-1885, edited by Thomas H. English, Emory University, 1953.
  • (With William Dean Howells) Mark Twain-Howell Letters (two volumes), edited by Henry Nash Smith and William M. Gibson, Belknap Press, 1960.
  • Mark Twain's Letters to Mary, edited by Lewis Leary, Columbia University Press, 1961.
  • Mark Twain: Letters from the Earth, edited by Bernard De Voto, preface by Henry Nash Smith, 1962.
  • Mark Twain's Letters from Hawaii, edited by A. Grove Day, Appleton-Century, 1966.
  • Mark Twain's Letters to His Publishers, edited and with an introduction by Hamlin Hill, University of California Press, 1967.
  • Mark Twain's Letters to Henry Huttleston Rogers, edited by Leary, University of California Press, 1969.

  • Old Times on the Mississippi, Belford, 1876, reprinted as The Mississippi Pilot, Ward, Lock & Tyler, 1877, revised as Life on the Mississip/I> Osgood, 1883, excerpt published as The Boy's Ambition, Lerner, 1975.
  • Mark Twain's Autobiography (two volumes), edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1924, edited as one volume by Charles Neider, Harper, 1959.

  • Letters from the Sandwich Islands Written for the "Sacramento Union," edited by G. Ezra Dane, Grabhorn, 1937.
  • The Washoe Giant in San Francisco, edited by Franklin Walker, Fields, 1938.
  • Mark Twain's Letters in the "Muscatine Journal," edited by Edgar M. Branch, Mark Twain Association of America, 1942.
  • Mark Twain of the Enterprise: Newspaper Articles and Other Documents, 1862-1864, edited by Henry Nash Smith, University of California Press, 1957.
  • Contributions to the "Galaxy," 1868-1871, edited by Bruce R. McElderry, Jr., Scholars' Facsimiles and Reprints, 1961.
  • Mark Twain's San Francisco, edited by Bernard Taper, McGraw, 1963.
  • Clemens of the "Call": Mark Twain in San Francisco, edited by Edgar M. Branch, University of California Press, 1969.

  • The Family Mark Twain, Harper, 1935.
  • Mark Twain's Wit and Wisdom, edited by Cyril Clemens, Stokes, 1935.
  • The Portable Mark Twain, edited by Bernard De Voto, Viking, 1946.
  • Mark Twain on the Art of Writing, edited by Martion B. Fried, Salisbury Club, 1961.
  • Selected Shorter Writings of Mark Twain, edited by Walter Blair, Houghton, 1962.
  • Great Short Works of Mark Twain, edited by Justin Kaplan, Harper, 1967.
  • "What Is Man?," and Other Philosophical Writings, edited by Paul Baender, University of California Press, 1973.
  • Twain Unabridged, Running Press, 1976.
  • Mark Twain Speaking, edited by Paul Fatout, University of Iowa Press, 1976.
  • The Comic Mark Twain, Doubleday, 1977.
  • Mark Twain Speaks for Himself, edited by Fatout, Purdue University Press, 1978.
  • The Devil's Race-Track: Mark Twain's "Great Dark" Writings, edited by John S. Tuckey, University of California Press, 1979.
  • Mark Twain Himself: Humor, War, and Fundamentalism, arranged and edited by William L. McLinn, foreward by Louis J. Budd, and introduction by Robert McAfee Brown, Hunt Pub. Co. (Dubuque, IA), 1983.

  • Mark Twain's (Burlesque) Autobiography and First Romance, Sheldon, 1871.
  • (With others) Practical Jokes with Artemus Ward, J. C. Hotten, 1872.
  • A True Story [and] The Recent Carnival of Crime, J. R. Osgood, 1877.
  • "1601"; or, Conversation as It Was by the Social Fireside in the Time of the Tudors, [Cleveland], 1880.
  • The Stolen White Elephant, Etc., Osgood, 1882, published as The Stolen White Elephant, Chatto & Windus, 1882.
  • (Editor, with William Dean Howells and others) ark Twain's Library of Humor, illustrated by E. W. Kemble, C. L. Webster, 1888.
  • Mark Twain's Speeches, edited by F. A. Nast, Harper, 1910.
  • Mark Twain's Speeches (two volumes), edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1924.
  • (Under pseudonym Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass) The Adventures of Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass, edited by Charles Honce, Pascal Covici, 1928.
  • Mark Twain's Notebook, edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1935.
  • Mark Twain's Travels with Mr. Brown, edited by Franklin Walker and G. Ezra Dane, Knopf (New York City), 1940.
  • Mark Twain's First Story, Prairie Press, 1952.
  • Life as I Find It,
edited by Charles Nelder, Hanover House, 1961.
  • Mark Twain's "Mysterious Stranger" Manuscripts, edited by William G. Gibson, University of California Press, 1969.
  • Mark Twain's Notebooks and Journals, University of California Press, Volume 1: 1855-1873, edited by Frederick Anderson, Michael B. Frank, and Kenneth M. Sanderson, 1975, Volume 2: 1877-1883, edited by Anderson, Lin Salamo, and Bernard L. Stein, Volume 3: 1883-1891, edited by Robert Pack Browning, Frank, and Salamo, 1979.
  • Pudd'nhead Wilson and Those Extraordinary Twins: Authoritative Texts, Textual Introduction and Tables of Variants Criticism, edited by Sidney E. Berger, Norton, 1980.
  • The War Prayer, drawings by John Groth, Harper, 1984.
  • Plymouth Rock and the Pilgrims and Other Salutary Platform Opinions, edited with introduction by Charles Neider, Harper, 1984.
  • Mark Twain Laughing: Humorous Anecdotes by and about Samuel L. Clemens, edited with introduction by Paul M. Zall, University of Tennessee Press, 1985.
  • Gold Miners and Guttersnipes, introduction by Ken Chowder, Chronicle Books (San Francisco), 1991.
  • Mark Twain's Book for Bad Boys and Girls, edited by R. Kent Rasmussen, Contemporary Books (Chicago), 1995.
  • The Bible According to Mark Twain: Writings on Heaven, Eden, and the Flood, edited by Howard G. Baetzhold and Joseph B. McCullough, University of Georgia Press (Athens), 1995.
  • When in Doubt, Tell the Truth, and Other Quotations from Mark Twain, selected by Brain Collins, Columbia University Press (New York City), 1996.
Contributor, sometimes under pseudonyms Quentin Curtius Snodgrass, Josh, and S. L. C., to periodicals, including Alta California, Atlantic Monthly, Californian, Century, Forum, Golden Era, Harper's, McClure's Weekly, New York Saturday Press, New York Tribune, North American Review, and Youth's Companion.

  • The Writings of Mark Twain (twenty-five volumes), American Publishing, 1899-1907.
  • The Writings of Mark Twain (twenty-five volumes), edited by Albert Bigelow Paine, Harper, 1906, expanded edition (thirty-seven volumes), Wells, 1922-1925.
  • Illustrated Works of Mark Twain, selections an introduction by Michael Patrick Hearn, illustrated by True Williams, Avenel Books (New York City), 1979.
  • Mark Twain, Selected Writings of an American Skeptic, edited by Victor Doyno, foreward by Leslie Fiedler, Prometheus Books (Buffalo, NY), 1983.
  • The Complete Short Stories of Mark Twain, edited with introduction by Charles Neider, Doubleday (Garden City, NY), 1985.
  • The Outrageous Mark Twain: Some Lesser-Known but Extraordinary Works, edited with introduction by Neider, Doubleday, 1987.
  • Collected Tales, Sketches, Speeches, and Essays, Library of America (New York City), 1992.
  • Great Short Works of Mark Twain, edited by Jason S. Roberts, Barnes & Noblew York City), 1993.
  • The Unabridged Mark Twain, opening remarks by Kurt Vonnegut Jr., edited by Lawrence Teacher, Sweetwater Press (Birmingham, AL), 1997.

Media Adaptations: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was adapted as a motion picture titled Huckleberry Finn, in 1931 by Paramount, in 1939 and again in 1960 by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), and in 1974 by United Artists; The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was adapted as Tom Sawyer in 1930 by Paramount, and as motion picture of the same title in 1938 by Selznick International and in 1973 by United Artists; The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was adapted as the filmTom Sawyer, Detective, Paramount, 1939; A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court was adapted as the film A Connecticut Yankee in 1931 by Twentieth Century-Fox, and as A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court in 1949 by Paramount; The Prince and the Pauper was adapted as motion pictures of the same title in 1937 by Warner Bros., and in 1969 by Childhood Productions; The Prince and the Pauper was adapted as a film titled Crossed Swords in 1978 by Warner Bros.; A Double Barrelled Detective Story was adapted as a film of the same title in 1965 by Saloon Productions; The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, and Other Sketches was adapted as a film titledBest Man Wins in 1948 by Columbia.
Among the many stagings of Twain's works are Tom Sawyer andHuckleberry Finn; some of Twain's writings have also been adapted as radio plays; Huckleberry Finn has also been staged as a musical. Twain's own life inspired The Adventures of Mark Twain, filmed by Warner Bros. in 1944, and such stage productions as Mark Twain Tonight!